What are Special Educational Needs?
The statutory guidance in the Special Educational Needs and Disability Code of Practice (2014) provides statutory guidance to schools relating to children with special educational needs and/ or disabilities.
The code states that a child has Special Educational Needs if they have a learning difficulty or disabilitywhich calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her.
A child has a learning difficulty or disability if he or she:
- Has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of other children of the same age,
- Has a disability which prevents or hinders him or her making use of the facilities of a child generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream schools
Pupils with special educational needs and/or disabilities can fall into one or more of the following categories:
- Communication and Interaction
- Cognition and Learning
Social, Emotional and Mental
- Health Difficulties
- Sensory and/or Physical Needs
The SEND Information Report outlines all services available to support disabled children and children with SEN and their families.
This information will set out what is normally available in school to help children with SEN as well as the options available to support families who need additional help to care fortheir child.